climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons;
rainy season (winter) from May to October, dry
season (summer) from November through April.
Temperatures vary with elevation and show little
seasonal change. Pacific lowlands uniformly
hot; central plateau and mountain areas more
El Salvador is
located in the South-East part of the Central
American isthmus, on the coast of the Pacific
Ocean and it is unique in that it is the only
country in that region that does not have shores
on the Caribbean Sea.
El Salvador lies
on the Pacific Ocean coast of Central America,
bordered by Guatemala and Honduras. It is
north of the Equator, between 13°09 and 14°27
North latitude; and 87°41 and 90°08 West
mountain ranges running east to west divide
country into two regions: mountains and central
plateau, and coastal plains (Pacific lowlands).
Southern mountain range made up of more than
twenty volcanoes. Eruptions rare, but
earthquakes frequent because of location at
conjunction of three geologic plates. Rio
Lempa only navigable river. Numerous
volcanic lakes in interior highlands.
Santa Ana: pop.
San Miguel: pop. 380,442
Ahuachapán: pop. 260,563
Sonsonate: pop. 354,641
Usulután: pop. 317,079
El Salvador is a
sovereign, republican and democratic
representative country. The president is
elected by the people for a period of 5 years and
cannot be reelected. The Legislative
Assembly is made up of 84 representatives.
The typical food
that identifies the Salvadorans around the world
are the Pupusas. Pupusas come from the
naguat word pupushahua that means tortilla filled
with cheese, beans, chicharrón (pork), ayote,
cream, carrots, etc. The tortillas are made
of corn. Chilate con nuegados, shuco atole,
tamales, etc. are also made from corn.
that tourists like are seafood (fish, shrimps,
oysters , lobsters, etc.).
- Ruinas del
Tazumal in the city of Chalchuapa, district of
- Ruinas de San
Andres on the district of La Libertad.
- Ruinas de
Quelepa on the district of San Miguel.
- Ruinas de
Cihuatán, 41 kilometers North from San Salvador.
- Ruinas de
Tehuacán in San Vicente.
- La Gruta de
Corinto or Capilla Sixtina de los cacaoperas in
mandatory from first grade to ninth grade (elementary
and middle school). With three more years,
one can receive a High School diploma.
There are many private universities and the only
public one is the Universidad Nacional de El
Map of El
Is the smallest
Central American country in area. But it
ranks as the third largest country in population
in Central America. El Salvador is a
tropical land of rugged mountains, cone-shaped
volcanoes, green valleys, and scenic lakes.
The Pacific Ocean lies to its south, Guatemala to
its northwest, and Honduras to its northeast.
Facts in Brief
about El Salvador
name: República de El Salvador (Republic
of El Salvador)
21,041 sq. km (8,124 sq. mi). Greatest
distances-north-south- 142 km (88 mi); east-west,
262 km (163 mi). Coastline- 304 km (189 mi).
Highest Montecristo, 7,933ft.(2,418m) above sea
level. Lowest sea level along the coast.
Estimated 2000 population 5,980,000; density, 284
per sq. km (736 persons per sq. mi);
distribution, 50 percent rural, 50 percent urban.
Products: Agriculture beans, coffee,
corn, cotton, rice, sugar cane.
Manufacturing chemicals, cigarettes, processed
foods and beverages, leather goods, textiles.
Basic unit Colón (¢). One hundred centavos
equal one colon.
Rio Grande de
Volcán de Santa
Chinchontepec or Volcán de San Vicente
Chaparrastique of San Miguel
Izalco en Sonsonate
Quezaltepeque or Volcán de San Salvador
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